All information was gained from the Tate Modern website: www.tate.org.uk/learn/online-resources/glossary/p/postmodernism
What is postmodernism?
– First used around 1970
– An art movement that defies definition as there is no one style or theory
– Embraces many different approaches to art making
– Anti-Authoritarian by nature – refuses to recognise a definition of what art should be
– Gets rid of boundry between art and every day life
– Can be characterised by use of earlier styles and mixing of different media.
When did Postmodernism happen?
– Said to have begun with pop art
– Embraced conceptual art, neo-expressionism, feminist art and the ‘young British artists’ of the 1990’s
Modernism vs Postmodernism
– PM was a reaction against modernism
– Modernism generally based on a utopian vision of human life, society and belief
– Modernist artists believe negating the subject and experimenting with form, technique and process could purely and simply understand and reflect the modern world.
– Modernism based on idealism and reason
– Postmodernism based on scepticism and suspicion
– PM challenged notion that there are universal certainties or truths that will explain everything for everyone
– Advocates individual experience and interpretation is more concreate than abstract principles and is the best way to understand and respond to reality
– M – championed clarity and simplicity
– PM – embraced complex and contradictory layers of meaning
What does postmodernism look like?
– PM broke established rules about style
– PM can often be funny, tongue-in-cheek or ludicrous, confrontational, controversial, challenging boundaries of taste
– Most crucially PM reflects self-awareness of style itself
– Often borrows a range of styles from the past
– Postmodernism is said to have come to an end and a new culture for the 21st century is emerging – The 2009 Tate Triennial exhibition ‘Alter Modern’
PM artists to look at: Photography – Cindy Sherman Joseph Kosuth – Specifically ‘clock one + five English/latin version (exhibition version)’